Iran armed Yemen’s Houthi rebels: UN experts report

New York: Since the last six years, Iran is flaring up the civil war in Yemen by supplying arms to the Houthi rebels in Yemen. In the report, the United Nations panel of experts has claimed that they have growing evidence of Iran smuggling weapons to the Houthi rebels. The UN experts have accused Iran of violating the UN regulations with the smuggling of arms.  

iran-yemen-houthis The report prepared by the UN panel of experts has been submitted to the UN Security Council (UNSC). According to the report, individuals or organisations from Iran are involved in smuggling weapons to the Houthi rebels. Iran has supplied anti-tank guided missiles, sniper rifles, rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) launchers and other weapons to the Houthi rebels. Available evidence proves the weapons bear Iranian markings. The experts have also stated that they hold many different pieces of evidence on the trafficking of illicit weapons between Iran and the Houthi rebels.   

The weapons were smuggled in sailing vessels from Iran. The United Nations had imposed sanctions against those smuggling arms for the groups involved in Yemen’s civil war. Iran has been criticised in the report for trampling the regulations and trafficking arms to the Houthi rebels. Furthermore, the experts have accused the Houthi rebels of using the money from the government coffers in Yemen for the arms deals. Iran has not reacted to the allegations although it has dismissed similar accusations on arms supply to the Houthi rebels in the past.   

Former US President Donald Trump as well as Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Israel had accused Iran of sending arms to Houthi rebels, Hezbollah, Hamas and terrorist groups in Iraq. The Trump administration even tried to impose sanctions on Iran, but the western countries shot down the efforts.   

The current US President, Joe Biden, has an entirely different stand regarding Iran and the Houthi rebels. The Biden administration has made preparations to remove the Houthi rebels from the list of terrorist organisations. Simultaneously, the Biden administration has announced stoppage of arms supply to Saudi and UAE in the matter of the civil war in Yemen.   

Meanwhile, the civil war in Yemen has claimed the lives of 112,000 people. On the other hand, the United Nations has expressed concerns over more than 125,000 people facing starvation. Previously, the United Nations had lashed out at all the groups involved in Yemen’s civil war, holding them responsible for the crises. 

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