New Delhi: The union government has made changes to the National Education Policy and education till the Fifth standard will be in mother tongue. Also, vocational subjects will be a part of the curriculum from the sixth standard onwards. The same regulations will apply to all the private and government higher education institutions. Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting, Prakash Javadekar, and Union Minister for Human Resources, Ramesh Pokhriyal, announced that the government is changing the National Education Policy, formulated 34 years ago, to bring it in line with the requirements of the 21st century. The Cabinet of Ministers approved the policy on Wednesday.
The Educational Policy of 1986 will be replaced with Educational Policy 2020. As per the new policy, the importance of the 10th and 12th board exams has been reduced. This is the main deviation from the current policy. Pre-Primary to Second, Third to Fifth, Sixth to Eighth and Ninth to Twelfth will be the four stages of a child’s school education.
At the same time, Art, Music, Sculpting, Games and Yoga will be a part of the curriculum and they will not be considered as extra-curricular, like today. Vocational subjects will be a part of the curriculum from the sixth standard. This step is taken with a view that the child will acquire at least one skill before leaving school. The age limit in the Right to Education act has been increased and made 3 to 18 years.
There will be no educational branch in the Ninth to Twelfth stage. The student will get result for the twelve years of schooling, after completion of Twelfth standard. There will be changes in the result format. There is space in the current result sheet for marks, grades and teacher’s remarks. But henceforth, there will be space for the student’s remark and his classmate’s remark, too. There will also be a mention of what the student completed studying, other than the curriculum. Javadekar said that the result sheet would be a reflection of the overall development of the student.
A student from one branch can select a subject from a different branch. In short, While the student is pursuing his education in one branch, he will be allowed to choose a subject of his choice, from a different branch. A regulatory body will be created to grade all the educational institutions in the country. Independent educational institutions for Pali, Prakrit and Persian languages will also be established.
Javadekar informed that an education commission would be appointed and this commission will decide the policies regarding education. Most important is that the name of the Human Resources Development Ministry has been changed to the Education Ministry. An announcement in this respect is expected soon.