73. The decade of the 1940s….

73. The decade of the 1940s….

The years from 1939 to 1945 were bloodied by World War II. It was during this time that the Jews in Europe at large and Nazi Germany, in particular, faced horrible atrocities. However, the atmosphere in Palestine was stirred up, and many incidents directing the Jews towards their independence had started to take place. On […]

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72. ‘Moshav’; ‘Tower and Stockade’ – experiments which went on to characterize the identity of Israel

72. ‘Moshav’; ‘Tower and Stockade’ – experiments which went on to characterize the identity of Israel

The Jews immigrating in large numbers to Palestine were poorly off. Hence, it was infeasible for them to take to farming independently. Also, the local Arabs were against them. It was thus essential from them to work for their livelihood by staying together. Thus, the utopian concept of ‘Kibbutz’ came forward so that the Jews […]

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71. Experiments which went on to characterize the identity of Israel: ‘The Kibbutz’

71. Experiments which went on to characterize the identity of Israel: ‘The Kibbutz’

The Jews were preparing for the ultimate struggle to gain their rightful ‘Promised Land’ and create a Jew-nation in Palestine. They undertook many programmes for their development as a society. Prominent among them were the experiments of the ‘Community Living’ – the ‘Kibbutz’ and the ‘Moshav’, which were based on the following ideals – • […]

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69. The London Conference and the British White Paper of 1939

69. The London Conference and the British White Paper of 1939

Even after the efforts of the two ‘British Royal Commissions of Inquiry’, namely the ‘Peel Commission’ and the ‘Woodhead Commission’, appointed by the British government, there were no signs of any resolution to the deadlock between the Arabs and the Jews in Palestine. Reports of both the commissions were rejected by the Arabs and also […]

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66. The Peel Commission

66. The Peel Commission

Between 1933 and 1945, when the Jews in Germany were facing the Nazi atrocities, Palestine too was witnessing numerous happenings. In the meantime, the fifth ‘Aliyah’ happened during 1930-36, which brought with it some 170 thousand Jewish people to Palestine from across the globe. Overall, they now numbered well above 382 thousand. In 1935, David […]

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65.The Nazi crisis

65.The Nazi crisis

All the events of taking place in the 1930s were leading to major adversity, a crisis for the Jewish people. In 1933, the Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler seized power in Germany. On 30 January 1933, Hitler ascended to power, and within no time from this event, the Jews staying in Germany started to feel […]

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