New Delhi: – The Telecom Ministry has permitted the Telecom companies to start testing 5g technology. The telecom sector companies sought permission from the government to begin testing 5G technology. Some of these companies have entered into partnerships with foreign companies. Whereas, Jio company will be testing indigenously developed 5G technology. The Telecom Ministry has asked the companies to complete the testing in the next six months.
The Telecom Service Provider Companies seeking permission for testing 5G technologies include Bharti Airtel Limited, Reliance Jio Infocom, Vodafone Idea Limited and Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited. Excepting Jio Infocom, all the other companies have entered into partnerships with foreign companies Ericson, Nokia, Samsung, and C-Dot for the 5G technology.
The company trials will not be commercial, and the companies will have to keep the trials away from the current networks. Various bands and trial spectrums will be allotted for the 5G testing. These also include Mid Band 3.2 Gigahertz (GH) to 3.67 GH hand. Also, the millimetre wave band (24.25 GH to 28.5 GH) and sub-Gigahertz band (700 GH) will be made available for testing. The Telecom Ministry has also permitted the use of spectrum available with the telecom companies.
The Telecom Ministry has made it clear while granting permission that the tests have to be conducted even in the rural and semi-urban sectors to be available to everyone. The companies have to complete the trials within the next six months. The telecom ministry said that the period of two months required for purchase and setting up of equipment is included in these six months.
The 5G technology will be useful for utilising the spectrum better, a 10-fold increase in data download speeds. Also, it will prove beneficial for sectors like agriculture, education, health, transport, traffic planning, smart cities, smart houses, and the Internet of things, which have a huge expanse.
For the last few years, Chinese companies like Huawei and ZTE were vying to monopolise the 5G technology sector. But accusations were made that the equipment used with the technology was also being used for espionage. After that, some European countries, along with the United States, banned these companies. India, too, barred the Indian telecom companies from cooperating with Chinese companies after the conflict on the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh. Jio Infocom announced the development of 5G technology indigenously. IIT Madras has also developed 5 G technology, Centre for Excellence in Wireless Technology (CWWIT) and IIT Hyderabad. With permission for 5G testing, the possibility of 5G technology becoming available in India has increased.